• Author
    Aturu Opeyemi Samson
  • Published
    June 29, 2023
  • Word count

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term used to refer to a network of physical items, or “things,” that are equipped with sensors, software, and other technologies in order to communicate and exchange data with other systems and devices over the internet. These gadgets include everything from common domestic items to complex industrial machines. Today, there are more than 7 billion connected IoT devices, and according to analysts, this number will increase to 10 billion in 2020 and 22 billion in 2025.


Smart home appliances – Interactive electronics that employ wireless connections to comprehend user commands are referred to as smart devices. Smart home appliances like thermostats and home security systems can function autonomously to help with daily duties to some level. You could arrange your smart thermostat, for instance, to automatically change to a cooler setting before you get home from work. Or, if you aren’t home, you can get a notification from a security camera telling you someone is at the door.

One of the most popular instances of wearable technology in the Internet of Things is the smartwatch. Fitbits and Apple Watches use wearable IoT technologies to connect to other devices (like your smartphone) and share data with them. In order to track GPS locations, they frequently also connect to the internet.

Medical devices used by individuals, such as pacemakers, are included in the Internet of Things. In order to quickly intervene, remote medical equipment can be used to monitor and exchange a patient’s vital signs or to identify early indications of health problems.

Self-driving cars and other connected vehicles rely on the internet to exchange real-time information. In-vehicle sensors let the car to map its surroundings, send video, and react to traffic signals.


The advantages of IoT technology vary depending on the ecosystem of deployment and the number of advanced IoT devices employed. The advantages and usage of IoT solutions in various sectors are listed below.

Asset and resource visibility in real time

Lower expenses

Enhanced operational effectiveness

End-to-end, remote monitoring and administration of resources and assets with data-driven insights for speedy decision-making

Predictive, prescriptive, and real-time insights

Enhance the end-user experience

Why is IoT significant?

People can live and work more intelligently and have total control over their life thanks to the internet of things. IoT is crucial to business in addition to providing intelligent appliances to automate households. By offering insights into everything from machine performance to supply chain and logistics operations, IoT gives organizations a real-time glimpse into how their systems actually function.

IoT gives businesses the ability to automate procedures and cut labor costs. Additionally, it reduces waste and enhances service delivery, which lowers the cost of manufacturing and delivering items and increases consumer transaction transparency.

As a result, IoT is among the most crucial technologies of modern life and will continue to gain momentum as more businesses realize the potential of connected devices to keep them competitive.


The following are a few benefits of the Internet of Things:

It can help with the more intelligent control of homes and cities via mobile devices. It offers safety for the individual and strengthens security.

We can save a lot of time by automating tasks.

Even when we are far from our actual place, information is readily available and frequently updated.

Electric Devices are directly attached to and communicate with a controller computer, such as a cell phone, resulting in effective electricity consumption. There won’t be any pointless usage of electrical equipment as a result.

IoT apps that can inform you to your routine plans can offer personal help.

Due to the fact that it detects potential danger and alerts users, it is helpful for safety. For instance, the GM OnStar system, which is incorporated, can detect a car accident or crash on the road. If a collision or accident is discovered, it instantly calls.

IoT devices connect and interact with one another, execute a range of operations without requiring human involvement, and therefore minimizes human work.


Some of these consist of

Personal data could be stolen from the system by hackers. There is a chance that our information may be exploited since we connect so many devices to the internet.

They are largely reliant on the internet and cannot function properly without it.

There are numerous ways for systems to go wrong due to their complexity.

Our lives become completely dependant on technology and we lose control of them.

People who rely on technology and the Internet excessively lose their intelligence because they become lazy and reliant on smart devices rather than performing physical labor.

Unemployment may result if unskilled workers lose their jobs, which is quite likely to happen. Security guards, housekeepers, ironers, dry cleaners, and other services are being replaced by smart surveillance cameras, robotics, ironing systems, washing machines, and other equipment.

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